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Network Traffic Generator and Stress Testing Tools for LAN & WAN Bandwidth

network traffic generators for stress testing lan and wan

Marc Wilson

Network Engineering and Admins need to ensure network and infrastructure is up at all times and ensure that throughout can and will stay consistent through the most important times of the day for a business.

Ensuring those types of SLA's and uptime will require testing of network resources, services and hardware to ensure that your network is resilient enough to withstand even large influxes of traffic or users at any given time.

This is where stress testing comes into the scene – which can be accomplished using Network Bandwidth Generators for simulating LAN & WAN traffic to ensure your network is up to par and can handle that kind of traffic.

Here is our list of the seven best network traffic generators and stress testing tools:

  1. WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator Part of the SolarWinds Engineer’s Toolset, this system enables you to manufacture packet headers and then launch them to a target. Runs on Windows Server.
  2. Ostinato Packet Generator A creator of synthetic packets for network stress testing, available in three editions. Available for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  3. Packet Sender A free open-source packet forwarder that collects packets to create a stress testing stream. Offered as a GUI or command line tool for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  4. Nping from Nmap A Ping tool that can be used to generate packets. This is a free utility that works at the command line and is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  5. Cisco’s TRex This free packet creators Can generate packets in a variety of formats that can be varied by application and can build up to 200Gb of traffic per second. Available for Linux and Unix.
  6. NetScanTools Packet Generator This impressive packet creator Can generate TCP, UDP, ICMP, CDP, ARP, and RAW packets. This is not intended for stress testing. Runs on Windows.
  7. PBSoftware NTGM A network monitoring system that includes a packet generator and includes a transmission planner. Runs on Windows.

What is Network Stress Testing?

Stress testing is a procedure to find out whether a computer, application, device or the entire network can withstand high loads and remain operational. A stress test can be a simulation of an adverse condition that takes a system down or at least decreases its performance.

Typically, a stress test yields two types of results — either quantitative or qualitative.

The test allows a network admin to collect quantitative results, for example, the frequency of errors or number of crashes. The test can also result in different qualitative measurements, such as resistance to a Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack, battery time, coverage, fault-tolerance, etc.

How Does a Stress test help a network admin?

Intense load conditions are rarely seen out in real-life production environments. So, stress testing help admins uncover real network issues that would be otherwise unnoticed — letting them work on these problems before they happen in real life.

How to Stress Test a Network?

A network lives on traffic — so the best way to test it is to generate a high load of traffic and feed it into the network.

The easiest way?

You could craft a combination of ICMP packets with a simple PING command. But remember that some routers/servers are already protected against stressful traffic — this is to avoid DoS and other attacks.

There are many ways to test your LAN/WAN with ICMP traffic. For example,

  • Send Large and unstoppable Packets to a Target:
    Change the size of bytes in an ICMP packet header and send it over an extended “ping” command. In Windows use the -t parameter, in Linux and MacOS, the extended ping is active by default. In Windows, use -l to change byte length, in Linux or MacOS use -s. Command: ping -s 8000 (target IP)ping command
  • Create a Ping Storm:
    A way to test for lost packets and server performance is with a simple “ping -f (target IP).” This command creates a ping flood or storm (you’ll need superuser access).
  • Or try a Combination of Both:
    Be careful as this could put your server, router, and network into real stress (if the router is not able to reject this traffic).

Do this on many hosts at the same time with the same target, and you’ll be on your way to executing your first a Distributed-Denial-of-Service (DDoS) test attack.

But stress testing for LAN and WAN only on ICMP is not enough — there are too many other protocols around.

Testing the WAN connectivity correctly is critical in any business. Although you could validate an SLA (Service Level Agreement) with a WAN provider by merely transferring a big file, the best way to test it is to drop excessive traffic into the WAN links.

But you might not want to test it with real traffic or with only one protocol. So, the best and most practical way is to use a network traffic generator and stress testing tool for either WAN or LAN bandwidth. These tools allow crafting packets in different protocols, size, use a % of bandwidth, etc.

What should you look for in network traffic generator tools?

We reviewed the market for stress testing systems and analyzed the tools based on the following criteria:

  • A system to record and replay network traffic
  • The option to load in packets for transmission from a file
  • A category of synthetic packet creation
  • A system that gives the choice of TCP, UDP or SSL traffic
  • The option to alter packet transmission frequency
  • A free tool or an opportunity for a cost-free trial
  • Value for money in a paid tool or a free tool that is worth installing

With these selection criteria in mind, we found a nice range of utilities from useful free tools to very comprehensive paid systems and our recommendations include packages that will run on each of the major operating systems.

Here's the Best Network Traffic Generators & Stress Testing Tools:

1. WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator

WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator

SolarWinds Engineer’s Toolset is a bundle of over 60 must-have networking tools. Within this package, the WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator is one of the essential tools for testing the traffic and load balancing between servers. This tool helps network admins test WANs and LANs by generating random traffic and sending it over a specific target.

With the WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator, you can specify the target IP, its outgoing port number, and the bandwidth. This tool can help you craft random traffic by defining the size of packets in bytes and by generating data for a percentage of the circuit bandwidth, all from a single interface.

The Engineer’s Toolset is only supported by Microsoft Windows OS.

Other Features this program includes are as follows:

  • Adjust DSCP and ECN settings.
  • Track UDP/TCP packets.
  • Monitor outgoing ports.

Pros:

  • Parts of a suite of over 60 network troubleshooting tools
  • Supports load balancing tests, great for networking planning
  • Highly customizable, specify port, IP, packet size, and target machine
  • Allows for traffic randomization, providing more realistic stress tests

Cons:

  • WAN Killer is a technical tool designed for networking professionals, not suited for non-technical users

Price:

30 Day Free Trial !

Download:

Get a fully functional 14-day trial of the entire Engineer’s Toolset including the WAN Killer Network Traffic Generator

2. Ostinato Packet Generator

Ostinato Packet Generator

Ostinato is an open source packet crafter and network traffic generator. It lets you create and send packets with different protocols, sizes, and rates. Ostinato can be used as a complementary tool for a packet capture software such as Wireshark, in fact, they claim to be a “Wireshark in Reverse.”

Ostinato comes with a friendly and easy-to-use GUI. It contains three different sections, the ports list, streams list, and the statistics. The ports list displays the active ports on your local system and chooses one to transmit packets. The streams section allows you to create new traffic with different protocols, byte size, mode, rate, number of packets, etc. The statistics section shows the interface and port-level statistics.

Ostinato is cross-platform— supported by Windows, Linux, BSD, and Mac OS X.

Features and capabilities of this software include:

  • Automate network tests with its powerful Python API.
  • Create and configure multiple streams.
  • Open, edit, and save PCAP files.
  • Send steady stream, bursts, or many packets.

Pros:

  • A simple yet detailed interface that is easy to navigate
  • Packet statistics such as frames sent, captured, and transmitted are captured and displayed live during testing
  • Transparent open-source project

Cons:

  • Only older versions are free

Price:

Although Ostinato is open source, some bundles are not free. It starts at $69.00 for a Desktop Bundle, or an Ostinato Virtual Machine, and Live ISO for the same price. All older versions are 100% free.

Download:

To get a copy of Ostinato for free, download it on its official release archive.

3. PacketSender

Packet Sender

PacketSender is a free and open source cross-platform packet crafter and sender. It can send and receive TCP, UDP, and SSL traffic on whichever ports you decide.

Network admins use PacketSender to troubleshoot network devices and secure connections, by sending crafted packets and then analyzing the replies. It is also an excellent tool for testing and developing network protocols. With it, a network admin can evaluate the behavior in terms of performance and security.

Some Features and capabilities of this tool include:

  • Send or Receive TCP/UDP/SSL on Clients or Servers.
  • Automate and script through the CLI.
  • Test against Malware attacks using UDP/TCP/SSL servers.
  • Live traffic logs.
  • Stress test firewalls.

Pros:

  • Highly detailed provides ASCII and HEX outputs
  • Easily displays results in verbose log form
  • Open-source tool
  • Cross-platform with Windows, Linux, and Unix

Cons:

  • Not as beginner friendly as other tools

Price.

Open source and free.

Download.

Get the PacketSender 100% free from its official website.

4. Nping from Nmap

Nping

Nmap is one of the most popular open source network scanners. It can discover devices, hosts, or services by sending packets and analyzing their reply. But Nmap is not only used for finding but also security auditing, network inventorying, monitoring hosts and service uptime, etc.

The Nmap suite includes four additional tools, the Zenmap, Ncat, Ndiff, and Nping. The former, is a packet generation, response analysis, and response time measurement tool. Nping can create network packets from many different protocols and change their size.

Nping doesn't have a GUI; it uses a powerful and flexible CLI. It runs on most popular OSs, including Windows, Linux, and MacOS.

Nping is capable of (but not limited to):

  • Stress testing LAN/WAN.
  • Detect active hosts.
  • ARP Poisoning.
  • Execute DoS attacks.
  • Traceroutes.

Pros:

  • Doubles as a security tool, allowing administrators to discover open ports, and applications communicating over ports that are suspicious
  • Massive open-source community, is one of the most popular free security tools available
  • Syntax is straightforward and not difficult to learn for most users

Cons:

  • Nmap can have a steep learning curve for new users
  • More of a security/auditing tool
  • No GUI version

Price.

Free and open source license.

Download.

Get 100% free and fully functional Nping from Nmap official site.

5. Cisco’s TRex

TRex

TRex is an open source high scale stateful/stateless traffic generator from Cisco. It is considered a “Realistic Traffic Generator” because it can create accurate performance metrics and find bottlenecks in real traffic scenarios.

TRex is a stateful traffic generator because it can watch the traffic from end-to-end, and allow users to craft L4 to L7 traffic, which is great for stress testing on DPIs, Firewalls, NATs, IPS, Load Balancers, etc. The tool uses real traffic templates to create traffic based on pre-processing for up to 200-400Gb/sec.

The other functionality allows generation of stateless traffic streams (packets based on source and destination). It supports up to 20 million packets-per-second and multiple streams.

Notable Features of this software include:

  • It can emulate Layer 7 traffic.
  • It can generate Stateless and Stateful traffic.

Pros:

  • Open source traffic generator, allowing users to build their own plugins and additions
    Supports Layer 4 through 7 stress testing, giving users a more accurate test than some basic tools
  • Can build templates based on real traffic patterns for realistic replications of your environment

Cons:

  • The interface could use improvement, graphics are outdated and menus are clunky to navigate

Price:

Open source and free.

Download:

Find the code in the TRex’s Github repository.

6. Packet Generator from NetScanTools

NetScanTools

Packet Generator from NetScanTools can create random packets from different protocols (TCP, UDP, ICMP, ARP, CDP, or RAW) and send them to a target host. It gives you full control over the header so that you can modify MAC address, IP, TCP, etc. If you know how to create scripts, you can configure the tool to send different types of packets in sequence. Besides, you can also add different data payloads.

Packet Generator is not a packet flooder, so it might not give you the full spectrum when stress testing with high loads of traffic. But the good thing about this tool is that it can capture packets. Its capture can be playback on the same application or exported to a pcap software such as Wireshark.

Pros:

  • Supports random packet generation
  • Provides full technical control over data, including header, destination, size, and protocol
  • Supports scripting, great for automating the same tests
  • Offers packet capture, with pcap support

Cons:

  • The interface is very cluttered, making finding it difficult to use early on
  • Has a steep learning curve than similar tools
  • Does not support packet flooding

Price:

NetScanTools Pro Pricing for one user installed version license starts at $249 (USD).

Download:

Try a free demo of NetScanTools Pro for 30 days.

8. Network Traffic Generator and Monitor from PBSoftware

PBSoftware

The Network Traffic Generator and Monitor (NTGM), from PBSoftware, allows users to create and track  IP/TCP/UDP/ICMP traffic. NTGM can help to stress test networking devices, firewalls, and servers. It works by simulating realistic client/server activity and by monitoring the network at the same time.

The interface can display results through different graphs and statistics. A network admin can analyze the protocol statistics in the Network Monitor and track established/failed connections, outgoing resets, maximum connections, echo replies, etc.

Pros:

  • Highly detailed traffic creation and tracking tools, great for very specific tests
  • Supports basic graphing
  • Supports multiple protocols, allowing users to test specific devices such as firewalls or switches

Cons:

  • The interface needs improvement, interpreting large amounts of traffic statistics feels cluttered

Price:

License for the full product is $19.99.

Download:

Get NTGM from PBSoftware official site.

Conclusions

It is a fact, that what works in a development environment won’t always work in production or real-life situations. Our networks could be correctly designed, carefully implemented, but once out in the real world, there will almost always be unexpected crashes or failures.

Before rolling out a new device or service in a live network environment, test its performance and traffic handling capabilities.

Generating traffic and stress testing your network is one of the most valuable assessment methods to find potential bottlenecks, protocol failures, among other issues.

We only scratched the surface; there are many other stress testing tools and traffic generators out there. But what we mentioned above, is a great place to start. Download the software, configure it in a host and start sending simulated traffic.

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