Group Policy is responsible for managing computers from a central location and configuration of operating systems, applications, and users’ settings in an Active Directory environment.
Group policy also works as a security tool and enforces security policies for users and devices, collectively referred to as Group Policy Objects (GPOs) in the Active Directory environment. The main purpose of defining security policies is to keep you safe from insider threats and external attacks. This feature is compatible with Windows 2000, Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012, and other Microsoft platforms.
Instead of investing more heavily in an organization's IT infrastructure, the network administrators should use Group Policy Management. The group policies can save you from choosing an overly simple password to protect against cybercrime, authorize access to only the users who need sensitive files, force security patches installations, etc. However, at times, there are many security loopholes. Group Policy Objects can address a few of them and help defend your system against any insider threat or an external attack.
Uses of Group Policy
- Drive Mappings Using Group Policy, you can easily map drives utilizing login scripts and remove if needed for users. These drives help users find folders easily on a company server without noting it. In addition, rather than adding network shares manually to each new user, Group Policy eases this process and maps folders automatically.
- Folder Redirection Windows has a default setting to store all your standard folders at a specific location. If you want to redirect the data or documents on a server, you must use Group Policy. The folder redirection also helps create a centralized backup and data access to users regardless of the device they log onto.
- Security Using Group Policy can save you from many threats. It enforces policies that fix a minimum length and often forces users or applications to update passwords. If a user tries to log in with incorrect credentials, a lockout policy helps freeze the user account.
- Printers If your enterprise has installed printers, you can add them to the Group policy and set up its drivers on all other drivers, just like map driving. Also, printers with Group policy are a great way to deploy printer connections automatically.
- Power Options: You can configure aspects of power settings, such as hard disk sleep time, using Group Policy.
How to Use GPResult Command to Check Group Policy
The GPResult command, also called “group policy result”, is a Windows command-line tool used to check and display the group policies applied on the computer.
You can run the GPResult command via Windows command prompt or PowerShell.
To list all options available with the GPResult command, run the following command:
You should see all available switches on the following screen:
View RsoP Summary Using GPResult
You can use the GPResult command with /r option to display the Rsop summary of applied group policy on your Windows Desktop or Server including, OS configuration, OS version, OU information, Security groups, user profile, and more:
You should see the following screen containing all information:
View Summary of User and Computer Using GPResult
You can use the GPResult command with /scope: user or /scope: computer option to display the applied group policy settings on the user or computer.
Run the following command to display the group policy setting of the user:
gpresult /r /scope:user
You should see all information on the following screen:
Run the following command to display the group policy setting of the computer:
gpresult /r /scope:computer
You should see the applied policy settings in the following screen:
You can also view the applied group policy settings of the specific user.
For example, to view the applied group policy setting of the administrator user, run the following command:
gpresult /r /user administrator
You should see the following screen:
View the Verbose Information of System
You can use the GPResult command with the/v flag to display your Windows system’s verbose information, including security settings applied on all users, public key policies, logon and logoff script settings, internet connection settings, and more.
You should see all the information on the following screen:
Export GPResult Report in a File
You can use the GPResult command with the options /r, /H, and /X to export the GPResult report in text, XML, and HTML files.
To export the GPResult report in a text file, run the following command:
gpresult /r /scope:user > C:\report.txt
To export the GPResult report in HTML file, run the following command:
gpresult /H > C:\report.html
To export the GPResult report in an XML file, run the following command:
gpresult /X > C:\report.xml
Exporting the GPResult output to a file can be very helpful for troubleshooting remote computers.
The above guide explained how to use the GPResult command to check the group policy settings applied on the Windows system. I hope this will help you to identify the group policy-related problems.